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Minggu, 20 Januari 2013

Prepositions of Place: at, in, on

In general, we use:
  • at for a POINT
  • in for an ENCLOSED SPACE
  • on for a SURFACE
atinon
POINTENCLOSED SPACESURFACE
at the cornerin the gardenon the wall
at the bus stopin Londonon the ceiling
at the doorin Franceon the door
at the top of the pagein a boxon the cover
at the end of the roadin my pocketon the floor
at the entrancein my walleton the carpet
at the crossroadsin a buildingon the menu
at the front desk in a caron a page
Look at these examples:
  • Jane is waiting for you at the bus stop.
  • The shop is at the end of the street.
  • My plane stopped at Dubai and Hanoi and arrived in Bangkok two hours late.
  • When will you arrive at the office?
  • Do you work in an office?
  • I have a meeting in New York.
  • Do you live in Japan?
  • Jupiter is in the Solar System.
  • The author's name is on the cover of the book.
  • There are no prices on this menu.
  • You are standing on my foot.
  • There was a "no smoking" sign on the wall.
  • I live on the 7th floor at 21 Oxford Street in London.
Notice the use of the prepositions of place at, in and on in these standard expressions:
atinon
at homein a caron a bus
at workin a taxion a train
at schoolin a helicopteron a plane
at universityin a boaton a ship
at collegein a lift (elevator)on a bicycle, on a motorbike
at the topin the newspaperon a horse, on an elephant
at the bottomin the skyon the radio, on television
at the sidein a rowon the left, on the right
at receptionin Oxford Streeton the way

Preposition Examples
in We sit in the room.
I see a house in the picture.
There are trout in the river.
He lives in Paris.
I found the picture in the paper.
He sits in the corner of the room.
He sits in the back of the car.
We arrive in Madrid.
He gets in the car.
She likes walking in the rain.
My cousin lives in the country.
There are kites in the sky.
He plays in the street. (BE)
She lives in a hotel.
The boys stand in a line.
There is a big tree in the middle of the garden.
He is in town.
I have to stay in bed.
You mustn't park your car in front of the school.
The robber is in prison now.
at She sits at the desk.
Open your books at page 10.
The bus stops at Graz.
I stay at my grandmother's.
I stand at the door.
Look at the top of the page.
Write this information at the beginning of the letter.
The car stands at the end of the street.
Can we meet at the corner of the street?
I met John at a party.
Pat wasn't at home yesterday.
I study economics at university.
The childen are at gandmother's.
He's looking at the park.
He always arrives late at school.
on The map lies on the desk.
The picture is on page 10.
The photo hangs on the wall.
He lives on a farm.
Dresden lies on the river Elbe.
Men's clothes are on the second floor.
He lives on Heligoland.
The shop is on the left.
My friend is on the way to Moscow.
When she was a little girl people saw unrealistic cowboy films on television.
Thanks to Alexandra Nicola and Roger.

Prepositions of place and direction
Preposition Use Examples
higher than sth. The picture hangs above my bed.
from one side to the other side You mustn't go across this road here.
There isn't a bridge across the river.
one follows the other The cat ran after the dog.
After you.
directed towards sth. The bird flew against the window.
in a line; from one point to another They're walking along the beach.
in a group I like being among people.
in a circular way We're sitting around the campfire.
at the back of Our house is behind the supermarket.
lower than sth. Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
next to Our house is beside the supermarket.
sth./sb. is on each side Our house is between the supermarket and the school.
near He lives in the house by the river.
near Our house is close to the supermarket.
from high to low He came down the hill.
the place where it starts Do you come from Tokyo?
the part that is in the direction it faces Our house is in front of the supermarket.
opposite of outside You shouldn't stay inside the castle.
entering sth. You shouldn't go into the castle.
close to Our house is near the supermarket.
beside Our house is next to the supermarket.
away from sth. The cat jumped off the roof.
moving to a place The cat jumped onto the roof.
on the other side Our house is opposite the supermarket.
leaving sth. The cat jumped out of the window.
opposite of inside Can you wait outside?
above sth./sb. The cat jumped over the wall.
going near sth./sb. Go past the post office.
in a circle We're sitting round the campfire.
going from one point to the other point You shouldn't walk through the forest.
towards sth./sb. I like going to Australia.

Can you come to me?
I've never been to Africa.
in the direction of sth. We ran towards the castle.
below sth. The cat is under the table.
from low to high He went up the hill.

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